The aim of this journal is to publish the scientific research contributions for the development of our societies, exchange experience and findings among scientists and researchers. This also will make a bridge between the industry, society and the universities. Scientific research will lead universities to provide distinctive higher education that meets the demands of the country and qualify their forthcoming generation with high class knowledge and science.



The author(s) guarantee(s) that the manuscript has not been submitted for publication to another journal and it will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright owner; that the rights of third parties will not be violated, and that neither Al-Baha University nor the publisher will be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.


Papers must present scientific results that are essentially new. They have to be written in English using either American or British spelling throughout. Authors who have difficulty with English should obtain the assistance of colleagues more proficient in the language in writing their manuscripts. All manuscripts are subject to peer review. Authors should submit their manuscripts to the Editorial Office online to facilitate quicker and more efficient processing. Manuscripts that are returned to the authors for revision should be sent back within the deadlines (1-3 months); otherwise they will be considered withdrawn. Rejected

Manuscripts will not be returned to the authors. Papers that do not conform to the journal norms may be returned to the authors for revision before being considered for publication. The author is responsible for the accuracy of the references.


Al-Baha University Journal for Basic and Applied Science publishes original research articles, invited review articles, technical notes and technical reports that add significantly to the body of knowledge concerning the science and engineering.

Research Articles

Manuscript of Full-length Original Articles should include an abstract (Purpose, Methods, Results and Conclusion), Introduction, Experimental Methods, Results and Discussion, Acknowledgment, References,

Figure Captions List and Tables. Graphics, images and diagrams should be submitted separately in a high-Quality original format.

Review Articles

Review articles are intended to provide an updated perspective on a certain subject that could be relevant for

the readership of the journal. Review articles should include an abstract. Review articles are by invitation only.

Technical Notes

Technical notes do not exceed four printed pages (including figures and tables). They are the appropriate form

for new findings, preliminary original results, comments on papers published in the journal, or important new records. A Technical Note should not include an abstract. Technical notes will be reviewed as normal papers.

Technical Reports

Technical Reports are intended to report about local, regional and international meetings, workshops and

conferences, and new instrumentation and technical industrial report.



Manuscripts should be submitted using the Editorial manager as the Online Manuscript Submission and

Tracking System. The manuscript must be prepared using Microsoft Word or Latex. A PDF file derived from

Word or Latex could be used at the initial submission, however, the source files (MS word or LATEX file) of

the revised manuscripts are required; PDF files are not anymore accepted at this stage.

A Cover Letter should be submitted as a separate file, to clarify how the article will contribute to the scientific


A Letter containing authors' Point by Point responses to reviewers' comments in mandatory and should be

submitted as a separate file along with the revised manuscripts


Title Page

The title page should include:

? The name(s) of the author(s) (an asterisk indicates the corresponding author)

? A concise and informative title (limited to 100 characters)

? The affiliation(s) and address (es) of the author(s)

? The e-mail address, telephone, and fax numbers of the corresponding author


Maximal length of the abstract is 250 words. No literature references should be contained in the abstract. The

abstract should briefly state the objective and approach and give a succinct summary of results and major

Conclusions drawn. Emphasis should be on what was found, not what was done.

Key words

Up to 10 key words that describe the subject matter of their paper should be supplied after the Abstract for

Indexing purposes.


The manuscript should be (Times New Roman font) double spaced using A4 paper.

?         Margins of at 2.5 cm (1 in.) should be used. Papers should be written in clear and concise language

?         and consist of Major Sections (1., 2. , ?etc) and sub-section (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, ? etc).

?         Use a normal, plain font (e.g., Times Roman) for text. For textual emphasis use italic types.

?         For indents use tab stops or other commands, not the space bar.

?         Use the table functions of your word processing program, not spreadsheets, to make tables. Tables are

?         referred to in the text by "Table n" (capital T).

?         For papers in word file, use the equation editor of your word processing program or Math Type for

?         equations.

?         Place any figure legends or tables at the end of the article.

?         Submit all figures in their original formats and as separate files and kept separate from the text.

?         Figures are referred to in the text by "Figure n" (capital F).

Indicate the preferred location of each table and figure in the body of the manuscript


Abbreviations should be defined at first mention in the abstract and again in the main body of the text and used consistently thereafter. A list of symbols should follow the abstract if such a list is needed. Symbols must be written clearly. The international system of units (SI units) should be used.

Essential footnotes to the text should be numbered consecutively and placed at the bottom of the page to which they refer.

List of References

The list of references should include only those cited in the manuscript and arranged alphabetically by authors' names. Titles of journals should be abbreviated. 'In press' can only be used to cite manuscripts actually accepted for publication in a journal. Citations such as manuscript in preparation' or manuscript submitted' are not permitted. The following format should be adhered to:

Journal Papers

James LS, Habib AG, Akintola DT, Chatterbee DN, Ambrose KW, Kareen TL, 2009. Oxygen transfer effects on recombinant benzaldehyde lyase production. Biochem Biotechnol Res, 1:115.

Text Book

 Navabi Z, 1998. Analysis and Modeling of Digital Systems. 2nd Ed. McGraw Hill, New York. pp: 632. Berg JM, John LT and Stryer L, 2007. Biochemistry. 5th Ed. W.H. Freeman, New York. pp.580.

Book Chapter

Katz RH, 1986. Computer-Aided Design Databases. In: New Directions for Database Systems, Ariav G and Clifford J, (Eds.), Intellect Books, Norwood, NJ, pp: 110-123.

Conference Proceedings

Magott J, Skudlarski K, 1989. Combining Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets and PERT Networks For The Performance Evaluation Of Concurrent Processes. Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Petri Nets and Performance Models, Dec. 11-13, IEEE Xplore Press, Japan, pp: 249-256.

Government Publications:

Forastieri V, 1999. The ILO Programme for Occupational Safety and Health in Agriculture. International Labour Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Reprints:Authors will be provided with a copy of his paper issue, in addition to 5 reprints free of charge. Additional copies could be purchased, if ordered when the proofs are returned. Price will be shown on the order form.

Ethics statements:

The author(s) are entirely responsible for the scientific ethics in his research field and the accuracy of all statements and data contained in the manuscript. 

Authors are requested to fill out the copy right by submitting a manuscript. When the manuscript accepted the authors agree that the copyright for their paper is transferred to Al- Baha University. All forms of reproduction of text, figures or tables out of this journal are prohibited without permission from the publisher.


All correspondence should be addressed to:

The Editor-in-Chief